Frequently Asked Questions

about the Community Foundation for Northern Virginia

Below we have compiled some frequently asked questions of the Community Foundation Staff.  We hope this is helpful, but if you would like to speak wtih our team directly, please contact us today.
Founded in 1978, the Community Foundation for Northern Virginia is a tax-exempt trusted public charity that grows philanthropy to respond to need, seed innovation and lead and convene the community. Comprised of donor advised funds, permanent funds, giving circles, and other charitable endowments, the Community Foundation connects donors to community and promotes a more equitable and inclusive prosperity that marries our economic strength with the full breadth of our diverse community.
A donor advised fund is a philanthropic vehicle established at a public charity like a Community Foundation. It allows donors to make a charitable contribution, receive an immediate tax deduction, and then recommend grants from the fund over time. A donor advised fund is like a charitable savings account. The donors contribute to their funds as frequently as they like, then recommend grants to their favorite nonprofits, schools or faith based organizations from the fund when they are ready.

For detailed information about donor advised funds here at the Community Foundation, see our Donor Handbook.
IRAs are typically held by a financial advisor or trust company. These custodians can provide a form that could be used to transfer the IRA directly to charity.
he Community Foundation has a dedicated paid staff and the organization is governed by a volunteer Board of Directors that is representative of the Northern Virginia region we serve.
A private foundation requires substantial start-up costs and administrative expenses, such as the yearly filing of a Form 990-PF. A donor advised fund at a Community Foundation requires very little work on the donor’s part—the Community Foundation staff is here to serve you. Moreover, donor advised funds allow donors to take a federal income tax deduction up to 50% of adjusted gross income (AGI) for cash contributions and up to 30% of AGI for appreciated securities; versus 30% of AGI for cash contributions and 20% of AGI for appreciated securities for a private foundation. Donor advised funds also offer the ability to make grants anonymously, if desired.

For a more detailed comparison of a donor advised fund and a private foundation, click here.
Under current law, gifts from IRAs may not benefit donor advised funds and supporting organizations. In addition, split interest gifts, such as charitable annuities, charitable lead trusts and charitable remainder trusts, do not qualify.
The Community Foundation for Northern Virginia partners with donors to grow philanthropy for the region. Its asset base has more than doubled in recent years and currently stands at more than $72 million in donor advised funds, permanent funds, and other charitable endowments.

Since its inception in 1978, the Community Foundation has awarded more than $50 million in grants and scholarships to support organizations in Northern Virginia and beyond. It awarded than $5.4 million in grants and scholarships alone during the fiscal year that ended June 30, 2019, including $812,563 in grants from discretionary grant funds and from donor advised funds that the Community Foundation directly brokered to help respond to need and seed innovation in Northern Virginia.

In addition, we are civic and social leaders, helping to convene the community to address important regional issues and challenges, and we routinely commission and publish data driven research reports to help shine a light on the most critical needs of our region. Join us at an event to learn more about your community, and help us build a community that
The Community Foundation’s Philanthropic Services team stands ready to assist all donors to fulfill your charitable goals.

Many of the services and special benefits you receive as a donor are as follows:
  1. An invitation to special donor receptions and donor events
  2. The flexibility to give anonymously
  3. Data and information on the critical needs of our region
  4. The opportunity to provide input on the Community Foundation’s programs and initiatives
  5. An invitation to become a member of the Community Foundation’s discretionary grant cycle review committee
  6. An annual meeting with Community Foundation professional staff to discuss how grants from your fund can have an impact and make a difference
  7. Recognition in the Community Foundation’s annual reports

In addition, we can help connect you to the causes you care about most. Our professional staff has broad expertise regarding community needs and issues. We have a deep knowledge of the critical needs of Northern Virginia, so we can help you find quality nonprofit programs and services that match your charitable giving style. We routinely perform due diligence on most local nonprofits, insuring that they are bona fide, in good standing, well managed and financially sound.
Gifts from IRAs can be made to all of the following options at the Community Foundation:

  1. The Community Foundation’s general operations, or the Community Foundation’s Permanent Fund for Northern Virginia.
  2. Any field of interest fund from which the Community Foundation makes grants to the community, including:
    • The Community Investment Funds
    • The Environment Fund
    • The Ross-Roberts Fund for the Arts
    • The Innovation Fund
  3. Any Giving Circle, including:
    • The Business Women’s Giving Circle
    • The Giving Circle of Hope
    • The Loudoun Impact Fund
  4. Any designated fund, which are funds that have been established by donors to benefit certain predefined and designated nonprofits only.
Yes, The Community Foundation for Northern Virginia has been accredited by the National Standards for U.S. Community Foundations, indicating that our organizational and financial practices that are in accordance with these nationally recognized standards. The Council on Foundations and leaders of the community foundation field created the National Standards in 2000 to aid community foundations in establishing legal, ethical and effective operational practices that would show the foundations’ transparency and financial responsibility in light of the increased public scrutiny of foundation practices. In addition, National Standards were developed to distinguish community foundations from other philanthropic vehicles, build the capacity of community foundations to carry out their missions, and assist the field with self-regulation in a manner viewed positively by the Internal Revenue Service.
Yes. By converting your private foundation to a donor advised fund at the Community Foundation, you maintain the name of your foundation (or you can choose an anonymous name) and you maintain the advisory capacity over grant making while the Community Foundation manages all of the administrative duties such as accounting, grant application due diligence, grants follow-up, and all IRS reporting. Furthermore, you have the opportunity to resource the experience and knowledge base of our professional staff about the critical needs of our region.

There are many advantages that a donor advised fund at the Community Foundation offers over a private foundation. In terms of immediate tax benefits, it is important to remember that the Community Foundation is a public charity, and therefore
  • Tax deductions of as much as 50% AGI are possible
  • 5% annual pay out is not required
  • Excise taxes do not apply
Learn more about the benefits of converting a private foundation to a donor advised fund.
No. A charitable gift from an IRA is not itemized and therefore donors may not take an income tax deduction for them. But the good news here is that the amount of the IRA withdrawal that is used for the charitable gift is not counted towards a donor’s adjusted gross income or AGI. AGI is used to determine whether certain tax provisions apply, such as the 3.8% surtax on net investment income, to determine payments for some Medicare premiums, or to determine taxes on Social Security payments. Moreover, AGI is used to determine whether itemized deductions receive are reduced or receive a ‘haircut’ once certain thresholds are met. By excluding the amount of the IRA withdrawal that is used for the charitable gift from AGI, a donor is likely to see an overall reduction in income tax liability and may minimize any reduction in their itemized deductions
The Community Foundation for Northern Virginia serves the counties of Fairfax, Loudoun, Arlington and Prince William and the cities of Alexandria, Falls Church, Fairfax, Manassas and Manassas Park. Donor advisors may recommend grants from their donor advised funds to any nonprofit, school (other than a for-profit school) or faith based organization in the domestic United States or abroad, while grants from our discretionary funds are only awarded to organizations serving Northern Virginia.
Donor advised funds provide a number of benefits that direct donations to a charity may not, including:
  • The ability to accept and process appreciated securities on which the donor does not have to pay capital gains tax.
  • A variety of investment options allowing the contribution to potentially grow over time.
  • The capacity to receive one block of securities that can benefit multiple charities.
  • The creation of a legacy versus providing a one-time gift.
  • A separation of tax planning and charitable giving, which provides a full tax deduction to the donor when the contribution is made but enables the donor to recommend grants from the fund for years to come and even beyond the donor’s lifetime.
  • A single contribution that benefits multiple charities while only requiring one tax substantiation letter.
  • An avenue for families to actively participate in the grant-making process together.
  • A long-term vehicle for philanthropy in one or more area(s) of interest without needing to determine the recipient at one time.
  • Pooled funds for investment management purposes, which minimizes costs while achieving a greater return, making it possible for smaller individual funds to enjoy the same economies of scale as large independent foundations.
Because the amount that the donor is able to exclude from income is limited to $100,000, any amount over $100,000 that is gifted from the IRA would be recognized as income by the donor. Within a married couple, each person can transfer $100,000 from his or her account.
The first step is to sign a standard donor advised fund agreement with the Community Foundation. Community Foundation staff will customize the fund agreement to reflect the charitable focus of your fund, what you want to name it, whether there will be successor advisors on the fund, and if so, who, and whether the fund is being established as a permanent endowment (available annual grantmaking may not exceed 5 percent of the fund balance) or a pass through (available grantmaking is not restricted) fund. In most instances, it takes just a couple of hours to finalize and sign the fund agreement.

For more information on setting up a donor advised fund, visit our Establish a Fund page.
Yes. The Community Foundation holds roughly 25 active scholarship funds and awarded more than $300,000 to 95 students in 2019.
Donors who are 70½ years of age or older need to start taking annual required minimum distributions from their IRA accounts, incurring tax liability on income they often do not need and would prefer to avoid. The current law permits individuals to transfer up to $100,000 per year from their IRAs to a qualified charity, all of which can count towards the required minimum distribution a donor would otherwise be required to take with none of the concomitant income tax liability attaching thereto.
It costs $250 to set up a fund at the Community Foundation.
The Community Foundation for Northern Virginia does nothing alone needs your help. If you live or work in Northern Virginia, we are your community foundation. Please call us at 703-879-7640 to discuss your interests.

You can engage immediately with the Community Foundation by:
Please call us at 703-879-7640 and ask to speak to any one of our professional staff about how you can get involved and engaged in community through the Community Foundation.
Many of today’s retirees have amassed considerable wealth in their IRAs, more wealth, in fact, than they need for daily living or long-term care. And for those with substantial estates, much of their IRA wealth will go to estate taxes and income taxes of non-spousal beneficiaries, leaving some heirs with less than 50% of the IRA assets that are left to them. For these reasons, many of today’s IRA holders should consider using their IRAs as a current source of charitable gifting.
Yes, donor advised funds must be established with a minimum $10,000 contribution.
Applicants can explore our grant opportunities and apply online when the grant processes are open. The Community Foundation works hard to reach out across the entire qualified area for quality programs that have a strong impact on our communities and the region. The staff and a grants committee review the proposals annually or more frequently if needed.
The primary advantage of establishing a donor advised fund at the Community Foundation for Northern Virginia is the opportunity to work with and support a local non-profit organization engaging in community leadership and helping to build local community. Grants from any donor advised fund, whether it is established with the Community Foundation or with a commercial gift fund, may be recommended anywhere in the domestic United States. However, the Foundation Support Fees collected on donor advised funds established at the Community Foundation for Northern Virginia support the organization’s research and publication of data driven reports on critical community needs, emergency grants to basic needs assistance programs serving Northern Virginia, community events and seminars focused on local needs, and donor education events that improve the impact of our collective grant making.

In addition, when you open a donor advised fund at the Community Foundation for Northern Virginia, you will receive many personalized benefits that a commercial gift fund cannot offer, including:
  • Invitations to special donor receptions and donor events
  • Data and information on the critical needs of Northern Virginia
  • Immediate access to the professional staff at the Community Foundation and an annual meeting to discuss how grants from your fund can have an impact and make a difference.
You can make gifts of cash and marketable securities to your fund at the Community Foundation. You can also make gifts of real estate, closely held corporation stock and other “unmarketable” securities, partnership interests, life insurance policies, retirement plan assets, charitable remainder trusts, pooled income funds, charitable lead trusts, and other tangible and intangible property, so long as those gifts meet the guidelines of the Community Foundation’s Gift Acceptance Policy, which policy is available upon request. Many donors prefer to contribute appreciated assets such as appreciated stock so that they obtain a tax deduction for the fair market value of the asset on the date the gift is made and avoid paying taxes on the gain. Most charitable gifts to donor advised funds qualify for maximum tax advantage under federal law.
Our Board level Investment Committee establishes and oversees the strategy for the investment of the Community Foundation’s pooled endowment. The pooled endowment assets are invested in a diversified asset allocation model with passive investment strategies. Along with appropriate monitoring and disciplined rebalancing, the assets reflect a balanced allocation to US domestic and international equities, fixed income, and alternative funds. No investment management fee is charged against the pooled endowment. Click here for more information about our investment program, including the most current report describing the allocation and performance of the pooled endowment.
Yes. If you have established a temporary (pass through) fund and want all or a portion of it invested in the market along with the Community Foundation’s pooled endowment, discuss this with Community Foundation staff.
The initial contribution to the fund can be made any time after the fund agreement is signed, and you have 12 months from the date the fund agreement is signed to make the initial $10,000 minimum contribution.
The Community Foundation charges a Foundation Support Fee on a reducing scale as follows:
  • 1.25% on balances up to $1,000,000
  • 1% on balances between $1,000,001 - $3,000,000
  • 0.75% on balances $3,000,001 and above

This minimal fee enables the Community Foundation to hire and maintain staff, serve donors, make certain grants to worthy programs and nonprofits, commission data and research on the critical needs of the region, engage in leadership initiatives around important local causes, and continue to serve the philanthropic needs of Northern Virginia. The schedule is subject to change from time to time by the Board of Directors.
Donor advised fund contributions go to into the pooled fund of the Community Foundation for which BB&T Bank is the custodian. In this event you will receive quarterly statements from BB&T showing the balance of your fund and all accretions to and deductions from your fund for the quarter in question. If your fund balance exceeds $100,000, your professional advisor may retain investment management of the fund, in which event he or she will invest the fund on behalf of the Community Foundation and custody its assets with the professional advisor’s usual custodian.
No. Grants from donor advised funds can be recommended to any non-profit, school (excluding for-profit schools), or faith-based institutions. We now offer the opportunity to make international grants in addition to the domestic US.
When we receive a signed copy of your new fund agreement, we will send you a “welcome” packet that includes a fully executed copy of your fund agreement and that explains the process of recommending grants from your fund. In brief, grant recommendations may be submitted in two ways: by a Grant Recommendation Form, which can be downloaded from our website or through your personalized Donor Central account.
When we receive a grant recommendation, we first verify that the intended grantee is a 501(c)3 harity, school, or faith-based institution, and then check if the recipient is bona fide and in good standing and that it meets our due diligence requirements. In order to determine the grantee’s eligibility for funding, the Foundation often reviews the organization’s Form 990, IRS Letter of Determination and Board of Directors listing.

If the Community Foundation has recent due diligence information for the grantee on file, the grant recommendation process will be quicker. Furthermore, if the grant is $25,000 or more, Community Foundation staff must obtain current Community Foundation Board approval for the grant. This is obtained via email vote and takes approximately 24 hours to obtain. If the grant is less than $25,000, then Community Foundation staff has the authority to currently approve the grant without current Board approval.

After all due diligence materials have been confirmed, Community Foundation staff requests the check from the fund custodian and mails it directly to the grantee along with a letter signed by Community Foundation staff requesting that the grantee, among other things, acknowledges their receipt of the grant and confirms that no goods or services were received in exchange for it.
In most cases, it takes approximately 2 weeks for the Community Foundation to mail the grant check after our receipt of the grant recommendation. Community Foundation staff regularly updates donors on the progress of their grant recommendations. If submitted on Donor Central, donors can also track the progress there.